References for Dawn's Web Page


Beukes, N. J. and C. A. Smit, 1987. New evidence for thrusting in Griqualand West, South Africa: implications for statigraphy and the age of red beds. South African Journal of Geology, v. 90, p. 378-394.

Beukes, N. J., 1980. Stratigrafie en litofasies van die Campbellrand-subgrop van die Proterofitiese Ghaap-groep, noord-Kaapland. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, v. 83, p. 141-170.

Beukes, N. J., 1987. Facies relations, depositional environments and diagenesis in a major early Proterozoic stromatolitic carbonate platform to basinal sequence, Campbellrand Subgroup, Transvaal Supergroup, southern Africa. Sedimentary Geology, v. 54, p. 1-46.

Buick, R., 1992. The antiquity of oxygenic photosynthesis: Evidence from stromatolites in sulphate-deficient Archean lakes. Science, v. 255, p. 74-77.

Buick, R., D. I. Groves and J. S. R. Dunlop, 1995. Abiological origin of described stromatolites older than 3.2 Ga - Comment. Geology, v. 23, p. 191.

Buick, R., J. S. R. Dunlop and D. I. Groves, 1981. Stromatolite recognition in ancient rocks: An appraisal of irregularly laminated structures in an Early Archaean chert-barite unit from North Pole, Western Australia. Alcheringa, v. 5, p. 161-181.

Button, A., 1973b. The stratigraphic history of the Malmani dolomite in the eastern and north-eastern Transvaal. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, v. 76, p. 229-247.

Cloud, P. E. and M. A. Semikhatov, 1969. Proterozoic stromatolite zonation. American Journal of Science, v. 267, p. 1017-1061.

Cloud, P. E., 1942. Notes on stromatolites. American Journal of Science, v. 240, p. 363-379.

Eriksson, K. A., J. F. Truswell and A. Button, 1976. Palaeoenvironmental and geochemical models from an early Proterozoic carbonate succession in South Africa in Stromatolites (M. R. Walter, eds.). Elsevier, Amserdam. p. 635-643.

Eriksson, K. A., T. S. McCarthy and J. F. Truswell, 1975. Limestone formation and dolomitization in a lower Proterozoic succession from South Africa. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 45, p. 604-614.

Ginsburg, R. N., 1991. Controversies about stromatolites: in Vices and virtues in Controversies in Modern Geology. Academic Presss Limited, p. 25-36.

Grotzinger, J. P. and A. H. Knoll, 1999.  Stromatolites in Precambrian carbonates: Evolutionary mileposts or environmental dipsticks?  Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 27, p. 313-358.

Grotzinger, J. P. and D. H. Rothman, 1996.  An abiotic model for stromatolite morphogenesis.  Nature, v. 383, p. 423-425.

Hofmann, H. J. and M. Masson, 1994. Archean stromatolites from Abitibi greenstone belt, Quebec, Canada. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 424-429.

Krumbein, W. E., 1983. Stromatolites -- The challenge of a term in space and time. Precambrian Research, v. 20, p. 493-531.

Logan, B. W., R. Rezak and R. N. Ginsburg, 1964. Classification and environmental significance of algal stromatolites. Journal of Geology, v. 72, p. 68-83.

Lowe, D. R., 1994. Abiological origin of described stromatolites older than 3.2 Ga. Geology, v. 22, p. 287-390.

Lowe, D. R., 1995. Abiological origin of described stromatolites older than 3.2 Ga - Reply. Geology, v. 23, p. 191-192.

Miyano, T. and N. J. Beukes, 1984. Phase relations of stilpnomelane, ferri-annite, and riebeckite in very low-grade metamorphosed iron-formations. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, v. 87, p. 111-124.

Schopf, J. W., D. Z. Oehler, R. J. Horodyski and K. A. Kvenvolden, 1971. Biogenicity and significance of the oldest known stromatolites. Journal of Paleontology, v. 45, p. 477-485.

Semikhatov, M. A., 1976. Experience in stromatolite studies in the U.S.S.R. in Stromatolites (M. R. Walter, eds.). Elsevier, New York. p. 337-358.

Semikhatov, M. A., C. D. Gebelein, P. Cloud, S. M. Awramik and W. C. Benmore, 1979. Stromatolite morphogenesis--progress and problems. Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 16, p. 992-1015.

Stowe, C. W., 1986. Synthesis and interprectation of structures along the north-eastern boundary of the Namaqua tectonic province, South Africa. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, v. 89, p. 185-198.

Sumner, D. Y., 1995. Facies, Paleogeography, and Carbonate Precipitation on the Archean (2520 Ma) Campbellrand-Malmani Carbonate Platform, Transvaal Supergroup, South Africa (Doctoral Thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 514 pp.

Sumner, D. Y., in review. Carbonate precipitation and oxygen stratification in late ARchean Seawater as deduced from facies and stratigraphy of the Gamohaan and Frisco formations, Transvaal Supergroup, South Africa. American Journal of Science.

Walter, M. R., 1976, Stromtolites: Amsterdam, Elsevier, 790 p.

Walter, M. R., 1983. Archean stromatolites: evidence of the Earth's earliest benthos in Earth's Earliest Biosphere (J. W. Schopf, eds.). Princeton University Press, Princeton. p. 187-213.



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Dawn Y. Sumner
Department of Geology
University of California
Davis, CA 95616
sumner@geology.ucdavis.edu