Evolving Toward Humans

General links



The new skull from Chad: Sahelanthropus

Later australopithecines

Cladogram of australopithecines. Figure 20.5.

Ardipithecus, Australopithecus anamensis

Footprints at Laetoli

Australopithecus afarensis

Australopithecus in South Africa

Site of Sterkfontein

Australopithecus africanus

Robust Australopithecines

Australopithecus garhi

Image of A. garhi.

Stone Tools

Oldowan artefact. Figure 20.9.

BROWSE the SARC (Stone Age Reference Collection)

The Appearance of Homo

Early species of Homo

Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia

Homo erectus

Homo erectus and fire:

Tools of Homo erectus

The little people from Flores

Homo antecessor

Homo antecessor is a name given to fossils from Spain about 780,000 years old.

Homo heidelbergensis

Beautifully crafted hunting spears were made by H. heidelbergensis in Germany around 400,000 BP. They are throwing spears, up to 3.2 m long (10 feet), carved to angle through the air like modern javelins, and they are associated with butchered horses and other bones from elephant, rhino, deer and bear.


  • Neanderthal music?

  • Neanderthal art?

    Homo sapiens

    The Evolution of Human Art and Culture

  • The earliest ornamental beads, from Blombos Cave. About 75,000 years old, from Blombos cave in South Africa; some of them are stained with ochre.

  • Ostrich eggshell beads from Tanzania. National Geographic news.

    Cave Art in Europe

    Evolution among Humans Today

    Page last updated November 30, 2004

    Links last checked August 28, 2004.

    Images for Chapter 19 ]

    Images for Chapter 21 ]

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